Nature Homo sapiens appeared in Europe much earlier than previously thought

It seems that a skull discovered many years ago in one of the Greek caves has a chance to rewrite the history of human migration – it turns out that it is older than one would suppose.

It is worth noting that we are talking about a find from a few dozen years ago, but only now has its true age and meaning been determined. In the seventies, in the Greek cave of Apidima, archaeologists stumbled upon two skulls, which after the study were classified as belonging to the Neanderthal man. Meanwhile, the latest tests carried out by scientists from Greece, Germany, Australia and the United Kingdom suggest that we are dealing with the remains of homo sapiens and this is …

… 210 thousand years, or “only” 150,000 years older than the previous record holder in the area of ​​the earliest remains of modern man in Europe. But what’s the most interesting, the skulls, which were simply named Apidima 1 and 2, belong to different species – Apidima 2 actually bears Neanderthal origin, such as a protruding and characteristic rounded brow, but Apidima 1 turns out to be homo sapiens with a specifically rounded back skull.

Of course, you can also find traces of many primitive features, but this should not be surprising to us, because contemporary man has achieved the fullness of his “modernity” only 50,000 years ago. As it turned out, the skulls are divided by a large age difference, although they were found 30 cm from each other – Apidima 2 lived some 170,000 years ago, that is in the times typical of the Neanderthal man, and Apidima 1 around 210,000 years ago, which makes from him the oldest representative of homo sapiens in Europe.

So far, we have been taught that the history of contemporary man began some 300,000 years ago, but it was not until some 120,000 years ago that she went beyond Africa. So if we consider the Greek discovery and the remains of 177,000 years ago found in Israel, it may turn out that modern man left Africa much earlier than thought and traveled much further. According to the researchers: – Our research suggests that in the area of ​​modern southern Greece, at least two groups of people lived in the middle Pleistocene, the early population of homo sapiens and later a Neanderthal man.


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